What does litigation involve?
Generally where parties are in a dispute they should attempt negotiation first with the other parties in the hope to reach a settlement prior to court proceedings being commenced.
If this fails then court proceedings can be initiated. The court then has its own process which involves stages of defining the dispute, disclosure of evidence and mediation in order to try to reach a settlement before trial.
If there is still no settlement the matter will go before the court for determination. The court process can often be lengthy and costly.